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HRIS, or human resources information system, is software designed to help businesses meet core HR needs and improve the productivity of both managers and employees. This is in large part possible because of automation and synchronized data, which may reduce costly redundancies and provide a trusted source of decision-making, respectively.

What does HRIS stand for?

HRIS stands for human resources information system. It’s related to human resources management system (HRMS) and human capital management (HCM), but there are some subtle differences among the three.


Both HRIS and HRMS can help employers manage various aspects of HR, such as payroll, benefits administration and compliance. Where they may differ is talent and performance management, which is sometimes exclusive to HRMS. HCM, meanwhile, refers to the broad set of people management practices that can be accomplished with HRIS and HRMS.

What does an HRIS do?

HRIS helps businesses use technology to enhance their people processes and make both HR and their organization as a whole more efficient. As a result, they may be better able to keep pace with evolving workplace trends.


What are the benefits of HRIS?

In addition to improved workforce productivity, employers may find that HRIS helps them:

Make data-driven decisions

Some systems have predictive analytics, including forecasting and modeling, which can help HR professionals make more informed decisions.

Enhance user experiences

HRIS with user-friendly interfaces and mobile apps may make it easier to complete job applications, enroll in benefits and perform other HR tasks.

Reduce time-intensive labor

Common HRIS features – such as automation, analytics and artificial intelligence – may help cut the labor costs associated with payroll, time and attendance, and other manual administrative work.

Accommodate business growth

Cloud-based technology is often capable of handling increasing numbers of employees, transactions and data volume, as well as expansions to new locations.

Maintain compliance

Some HRIS providers have monitoring capabilities to stay current with changing regulations and data security measures to help prevent incidents.

What are the features of HRIS software?

HRIS software offers personalized HR tools and scalable solutions that can help businesses tackle challenges as they grow. Some of the more common HRIS features include:

Recruitment and onboarding

HRIS helps recruiters scan resumes, perform preliminary candidate screenings and conduct background checks.


In many cases, an HRIS will automatically deduct taxes and benefits from employee wages, which saves time and helps reduce the risk of error. Some systems also offer flexible pay options.

Time, attendance and scheduling

Time tracking in an HRIS often supports many types of workers and communicates directly with payroll to help improve accuracy.

Benefits administration

HRIS typically has broad capabilities to manage employer-offered benefits, such as health insurance and retirement savings plans, as well as voluntary benefits.


Some HRIS have the ability to stay current with changes in tax laws and employment regulations as they occur.

Reports and analytics

A centralized data set for all HR metrics is sometimes available with HRIS. More sophisticated providers make data accessible on-demand and proactively push reports, alerts or actions to stakeholders.


HRIS may integrate payroll, benefits and time tracking into a unified system. Some can also sync with other enterprise systems or allow end users to create custom integrations.

What are some examples of HRIS systems?

There are many examples of HRIS software available to organizations today. ADP, for instance, offers the following options based on business size:

  • ADP Workforce Now®
    Designed for mid-sized businesses, ADP Workforce Now provides an all-in-one platform to manage payroll, talent, benefits, time, people, analytics and more.
  • ADP Vantage HCM®
    Large, multinational companies based in the United States can manage their workforces and make strategic decisions on key growth drivers, like labor costs and turnover, with the aid of ADP Vantage HCM®.
  • ADP Next Gen HCM
    Businesses that are expanding can rely on ADP Next Gen HCM to help them adapt to rapidly changing environments and people requirements.

How do I choose an HRIS?

Choosing an HRIS is an important decision that may influence if certain business goals are met. Although the buying process isn’t entirely linear, the general steps are:

  1. Identify problems or challenges with current HR processes
  2. Explore how an HRIS can help overcome those obstacles
  3. Build an HRIS requirements checklist
  4. Evaluate HRIS vendors against the checklist

Should I get an HRIS for my business?

Every business has different needs, but some may want to consider getting an HRIS if they struggle to:

  • Keep pace with evolving workforce demographics
  • Hire independent contractors and freelancers
  • Stay current with changing regulations
  • Recruit workers with specialized skills
  • Analyze workforce data effectively
  • Make the most of team-based work structures

What should an HRIS have?

An HRIS should have the ability to meet not just the challenges of today, but also those that arise in the future. Afterall, most businesses wouldn’t want to have to purchase a new system every few years.

HRIS providers who are capable of growing with their clients tend to:

  • Have service plans that extend beyond implementation
  • Invest in innovation and regularly enhance their products
  • Use internal and external benchmarks to measure performance
  • Provide consultative services and define best practices

How to get started

Organizations looking to purchase an HRIS typically start by convincing stakeholders that a new approach to HR is needed. Business case proposals might explain how existing processes are holding the organization back and outline the functional requirements necessary to move forward. During this presentation, project leaders should be prepared to answer questions and gather feedback. Businesses that address stakeholder needs from the beginning are more likely to find the right HRIS vendor and ensure a smooth transition.


See what other employers are asking about HRIS:

How do HRIS systems work?

HRIS systems work by integrating various HR functions into a unified system that shares data and outputs reports across the entire platform. In a typical example, information about an employee is entered during onboarding and then disseminated to payroll, benefits and time and attendance. Later, that data may be updated and shared again, as is often the case when employees receive a performance-based raise or bonus.

Why is an HRIS important?

HRIS is important because it connects people and workflows in ways that may support daily operations and improve productivity. It also aids in the collection and management of data necessary for regulatory compliance.

How can HRIS help a company?

HRIS helps businesses create innovative workforce strategies and deploy them effectively. This may be beneficial for organizations interested in adapting to new generations of employees with different workplace expectations.

How does HRIS help recruitment?

Recruiters can use HRIS to create job posts, track candidate sources, run background checks and more. Some systems also offer compensation package benchmarking, which can help businesses compete for talent.

Does HRIS include payroll?

Because they are designed to alleviate administrative burdens, HRIS usually includes automated payroll, which can help save time and minimize mistakes.

Who uses an HRIS?

Businesses who need assistance managing the complexity of an evolving workforce tend to use an HRIS. This is especially true of enterprises that are seeking to grow, expand geographically or pursue mergers and acquisitions.


ADP is a global provider of cloud-based HRIS and HCM solutions that unify payroll, time tracking, HR services, talent management, and tax and benefits administration. Our cutting-edge technology helps businesses transform HR from an administrative function into a strategic business advantage.

What are the advantages and disadvantages of HRIS?

HRIS advantages include automated workflows, integrations between payroll and core HR services, and centralized data sets. Without the proper safety measures, however, these features could pose a security risk. Another potential drawback to HRIS is the cost, although, an effectively implemented and deployed solution should result in a positive return-on-investment (ROI) for an organization.

This article provides practical information concerning the subject matter and is provided with the understanding that ADP is not rendering legal or tax advice or other professional services.

ADP Editorial Team

ADP Editorial Team The ADP editorial team is comprised of human resource professionals with extensive experience solving complex HR challenges for businesses of all sizes.