On May 4, 2017, the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) published Revenue Procedure 2017-37, which Health Savings Accounts (HSAs) and high-deductible health plans (HDHPs) for calendar year 2018.
On March 5, 2018, the IRS announced a reduction to the 2018 contribution limit for an individual with family coverage under an HDHP from $6,900 (as previously announced in Revenue Procedure 2017-37) to a new limit of $6,850.
The reason for the reduction is a provision in the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act (signed into law on December 22, 2017), which replaces the use of the consumer price index (CPI-U) as the inflation adjustment with what is commonly referred to as the "chained consumer price index" (C-CPI-U) for indexing dollar thresholds applicable to HSAs.
As a brief background, both the CPI-U and C-CPI-U measure cost-of-living increases. The CPI-U looks at a number of consumer goods and services such as food, gas, and health care and averages the increase of those items. The C-CPI-U does the same thing but in addition it looks at consumer behavior in determining cost-of-living increases. For example, if the cost of gas increases, it takes into account that consumers may take the bus to work more often thus lowering the impact of the increase in gas and the consumer's transportation cost. Consequently, the C-CPI-U increases at a slower rate than the CPI-U.
Below are the adjusted 2018 HSA and HDHP Limits. (Only the HSA Family Contribution Limit was decreased.)
*An individual, who has reached the age of 55 by the end of the calendar year, may contribute an additional $1,000 per year as a catch-up contribution.
The IRS may be considering transitional relief on this issue. ADP will be monitoring and report any guidance provided by the IRS on this matter. For a copy of Revenue Procedure 2018-18 please click on the link below.
ADP Compliance Resources
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Updated on March 13, 2018